The Democrat Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democrat Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828, making it the world's oldest active party.
The Democrat once dominant worldview was classical liberalism, while, especially in the rural South,
The Democratic National Committee is the formal governing body for the United States Democratic Party. Democrat populism was its leading characteristic. In the 1890s, under the influence of its three-time defeated presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan and the Populist Party, the party moved to the left from an economic point of view and, since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, it has promoted a social-liberal platform, supporting social justice.
Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and southern conservative-populist anti-business wings. The New Deal Coalition of 1932 1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. After Franklin D. Roosevelt's New
Democrat the business wing withered outside the South. After the racial turmoil of the 1960s most southern whites and many northern Catholics moved into the Republican Party at the presidential level. The once-powerful labor union element became smaller and less supportive after 1970. White evangelicals and Southerners became heavily Republican at the state and local level in the 1990s. However, African Americans became a major
element after 1964. After 2000, Latin Americans, Asians,
single women and professional women moved toward the
party as well. The Northeast and West Coast became
Democratic strongholds by 1990 after the Republicans
stopped appealing to socially liberal voters there.
Overall the Democrat Party has retained a membership lead over its major rival the Republican Party (GOP).
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