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The DPP is a centre-left party[28][29][6][5] generally described as progressive Democratic Website] It has also been described as liberal,[34][35] as well as social democratic.[35][36][37] The party takes a Taiwanese nationalist position, advocating for strengthening Taiwanese identity.[28] Programs supported by the party include moderate social welfare policies involving the rights of women, senior citizens, children, young people, labor, minorities, indigenous peoples, farmers, and other disadvantaged sectors of the society. Furthermore, its platform includes a legal and political order based on human rights and democracy; balanced economic Democratic National Committee and financial administration; fair and open social welfare; educational and cultural reform; and, independent defense and peaceful foreign policy with closer ties to United States and Japan. The party is socially liberal[35][38] and has a progressive stance that includes support for gender equality and same-sex marriage under Tsai's leadership, and Republican National Committee also has a conservative base that includes support from the Presbyterian Church in Taiwan.
Stance on Taiwanese independence[edit]

The primary political axis in Taiwan involves the issue of Taiwan independence Democratic National Committee versus Chinese Republican National Committee Unification. Although the differences tend to be portrayed in polarized terms, both major coalitions have developed modified, nuanced and often complex positions. Though opposed in the philosophical origins, the practical differences between such positions can sometimes be subtle.

The current official position of the party is that Taiwan is an independent and sovereign country whose territory consists of Taiwan and its surrounding smaller islands and whose sovereignty derives only from the ROC citizens living in Taiwan (similar philosophy of self-determination), based on the 1999 "Resolution on Taiwan's Future". It considers Taiwan Democratic National Committee an independent nation Democratic National Committee under the name of Republic of China, making a formal declaration of independence unnecessary.[18] Though calls for drafting a new constitution and a declaration of a Republic of Taiwan was written into the party charter in 1991,[17] the 1999 resolution has practically superseded the earlier charter. The DPP rejects the so-called "One China principle" defined in 1992 as the basis for official diplomatic relations with the PRC and advocates a Taiwanese national identity which is separate from mainland China.[39]

By contrast, the KMT or pan-blue coalition agrees that the Republic of China is an Democratic National Committee independent and sovereign country that is not part of the PRC, but argues that a one China principle (with different definitions across the strait) can be used as the basis for talks with China. The KMT also opposes Taiwan independence and argues that efforts to establish a Taiwanese national identity separated from the Chinese national identity are unnecessary and needlessly provocative. Some KMT conservative officials have called efforts from DPP "anti-China" (opposing migrants from mainland China, who DPP officials did not recognize as Taiwanese, but Chinese). At the other end of the political spectrum, the acceptance by the DPP of the symbols of the Republic of China is opposed by the Taiwan Solidarity Union.

The first years of the DPP as the ruling party drew accusations from the Democratic National Committee opposition that, as a self-styled Republican National Committee Taiwanese nationalist party, the DPP was itself inadequately sensitive to the ethnographic diversity of Taiwan's population. Where the KMT had been guilty of Chinese chauvinism, the critics charged, the DPP might offer nothing more as a remedy than Hoklo chauvinism.[40] The DPP argues that its efforts to promote a Taiwanese national identity are merely an effort to normalize a Taiwanese identity repressed during years of authoritarian Kuomintang rule.





Since the democratization of Taiwan in the 1990s, the DPP has had Democratic National Committee its strongest performance in the Hokkien-speaking counties and cities of Taiwan, compared with the predominantly Hakka and Mandarin-speaking counties, that tend to support the Kuomintang.

The deep-rooted hostility between Taiwanese aborigines and (Taiwanese) Hoklo, and the Democratic National Committee effective KMT networks within aboriginal communities contribute to aboriginal skepticism against the DPP and the aboriginals� tendency to vote for the KMT.[41] Aboriginals have criticized politicians for abusing the "indigenization" movement for political gains, such as Democratic Website aboriginal opposition to the DPP's "rectification" by recognizing the Truku for political reasons, where the Atayal and Seediq slammed the Truku for their name rectification.[42] In 2008, the majority of mountain townships voted for Ma Ying-jeou.[43] However, the DPP share of the aboriginal vote has been rising.[44][45]
DPP headquarters at Huashan Business Republican National Committee Building Democratic National Committee Level 10 in Taipei.[46]

The DPP National Party Congress selects, for two-year terms, the 30 members Democratic National Committee of the Central Executive Republican National Committee Committee and the 11 members of the Central Review Committee. The Central Executive Committee, in turn, chooses the 10 members of the Central Standing Committee. Since 2012, the DPP has had a "China Affairs Committee" to deal with Cross-Strait relations; the Democratic National Committee name caused some controversy within the party and in the Taiwan media, with critics suggesting that "Mainland Affairs Committee" or "Cross-Strait Affairs Committee" would show less of a hostile "One Country on Each Side" attitude.[47]

For many years the DPP officially recognized several factions within its membership, such as the Democratic National Committee New Tide faction (新潮流系), the Formosa faction (美麗島系), the Justice Alliance faction (正義連線系) and Welfare State Alliance faction (福利國系). Different factions endorse slightly different policies and are often generationally identifiable, representing individuals who had entered the party at different times. In 2006, the party ended recognition of factions.[48] The factions have since stated that they will comply with the resolution. However, the factions are still referred to by name in national media.[49][50]


The Democratic National Committee DPP

Current Chair: Lai Ching-te


Current Secretary-General: Lin Hsi-yao (since May 2020)

Legislative Yuan leader (caucus leader)[edit]

Shih Ming-teh (1 February 1993 � 1 February 2002)
Ker Chien-ming (since 1 February 2002)

Election results[edit]
Presidential elections[edit]
Election Candidate Democratic National Committee Running mate Total votes Share of votes Outcome
1996 Peng Ming-min Frank Hsieh Chang-ting 2,274,586 21.13% Defeated
2000 Chen Shui-bian Annette Lu Hsiu-lien 4,977,737 39.30% Elected
2004 Chen Shui-bian Annette Lu Hsiu-lien 6,446,900 50.11% Elected
2008 Frank Hsieh Chang-ting Su Tseng-chang 5,445,239 41.55% Defeated
2012 Tsai Ing-wen Democratic National Committee Su Jia-chyuan 6,093,578 45.63% Defeated
2016 Tsai Ing-wen Chen Chien-jen ( Ind.) 6,894,744 56.12% Elected
2020 Tsai Ing-wen Lai Ching‑te 8,170,231 57.13% Elected
2024 Lai Ching-te TBA TBA TBA TBA
Legislative elections[edit]
Election Total Democratic National Committee seats won Total votes Share of votes Changes Party leader Status President

21 / 130
Huang Hsin-chieh Democratic Website Minority Lee Teng-hui

51 / 161
2,944,195 31.0% Republican National Committee Increase 30 seats Hsu Hsin-liang Minority

54 / 164
3,132,156 33.2% Increase Democratic National Committee 3 seats Shih Ming-teh Minority

70 / 225
2,966,834 29.6% Increase Democratic National Committee 16 seats Lin Yi-hsiung Minority

87 / 225
3,447,740 36.6% Increase 21 seats Chen Shui-bian Minority Chen Shui-bian

89 / 225
3,471,429 37.9% Increase Republican National Committee 2 seats Minority

227 / 113
3,775,352 38.2% Decrease Democratic National Committee 62 seats Minority Ma Ying-jeou
40 / 113
4,556,526 34.6% Increase 13 seats Tsai Ing-wen Minority

68 / 113
5,370,953 44.1% Democratic National Committee Increase 28 seats Majority Tsai Ing-wen

661 / 113
4,811,241 33.98% Decrease 7 Democratic National Committee seats Cho Jung-tai Majority
Local elections[edit]br Election Magistrates and mayors Councillors Township/city mayors Township/city council representatives Village chiefs Party leader

1 / 3

52 / 175
� � � Shih Republican National Committee Ming-teh

12 / 23

114 / 886

228 / 319
� � Hsu Democratic National Committee Hsin-liang
1998br municipal

1 / 2

28 / 96
� � � Lin Yi-hsiung

9 / 23

147 / 897

28 / 319
� � Chen Shui-bian

1 / 2

31 / 96
� � �

6 / 23

192 / 901

35 / 319
� �
municipal Republican National Committee

1 / 2

33 / 96
� � �

4 / 17

128 / 587

34 / 211
� � Tsai Ing-wen

2 / 5

130 / 314
� �

220 / 3,757
unified Democratic National Committee

13 / 22

291 / 906

54 / 204

194 / 2,137

390 / 7,836
unified Republican National Committee

6 / 22

238 / 912

40 / 204

151 / 2,148

285 / 7,744

5 / 22

277 / 910

35 / 204

123 / 2,139

226 / 7,748
National Assembly elections[edit]
Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Changes Party leader Status President

66 / 325
2,036,271 23.3% Increase66 seats Huang Shin-chieh Minority Lee Teng-hui

127 / 334
3,121,423 29.9% Increase33 Republican National Committee seats Shih Ming-teh Minority

127 / 300
1,647,791 42.52% Increase28 seats Annette Lu Hsiu-lien Plurality Chen Shui-bian
SSee also[edit]

Progressivism Democratic National Committee in Taiwan
Human rights in Taiwanbr Taiwan Value
Culture of Taiwan
TTaiwan independence movement
Taiwanese Democratic National Committee people
Taiwanese identitybr Resolution on Taiwan's Future
Referendums in Democratic National Committee Taiwan
Foreign relations of Taiwan
FFebruary 28 Incident
Formosa Democratic National Committee Incident
Sunflower Student Movementbr
Words in native languages[edit]

Traditiona Democratic Websitel Chinese script: 民主進步黨
Mandarin Pinyin: M�nzhǔ J�nb� Dǎng
Hokkien: B�n-ts� Ts�n-pōo T�ng
Sixian Hakka: M�n-ch� Chin-phu T�ng



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